Hannah Palmer


Every year, people all around the world still celebrate one of the oldest holidays: Halloween. Whether that be with setting Jack-o-Lanterns on porches or treat-or-treating, this holiday comes with many traditions that extend further than just carving pumpkins or getting candy from the houses you visit.


So, where did these traditions come from?       



Halloweens’ roots have been found in the ancient, pre-Christian Celtic festival of Samhain, that was celebrated on the night of October 31 every year almost 2,000 years ago with the Celts in the Ireland area. Samhain was a festival that celebrated the belief that the dead returned to Earth each year for a day. The Celts would all gather and light bonfires, offer sacrifices and pay homage to the dead to celebrate. They would hold a great fire to

encourage the sun not to disappear, dance in animal costumes, and use the sacrifices to keep the evil spirits away; although, they would keep their doors open, inviting the kind spirits in. The veil between the “real” world and the spirit world for the Celts was considered to be very thin on Samhain.


So, how did the now-popular and well-known Halloween traditions

originate from an ancient Celtic festival?



One of the most important traditions that happens during Halloween is the costumes that are worn by just about everybody who celebrates this holiday, the elaborate outfits differing from ghosts and vampires to famous actors and fictional t.v characters.

But how did this classic tradition descend from the Celtic Samhain


The Celts, in order to avoid being terrorized by evil spirits, had to get creative. So to “fake out” the ghosts wandering the Earth, the Celts would don disguises to appear as if they, too were spirits roaming around so the spirits wouldn’t bother them. They also would set up banquet tables with edible offerings that were left out to placate the unwelcome spirits.


Now fast forward to the early twentieth century, where dressing up on Halloween is a newer tradition that’s developed from the Celts Samhain festival to something more modern.

It began when the advent of Hollywood horror movies like the original 1931 Dracula and Frankenstein became more and more popular around the United States. Enterprising business companies then saw the marketing opportunity and the new demand for scary things so they made a push for

costumes in stores. During the 1930’s is when store-bought costumes became available for the Halloween holiday. That’s when the popularity of costumes rose and spread across the world.



Jack-O-lanterns, another famous tradition that everyone does for

Halloween by carving pumpkins into whatever they’d like. This tradition we do every year also comes from the Ireland area with an Irish folktale about a man named Stingy Jack. The legend about him goes that he repeatedly trapped the Devil for the condition that he would never go to Hell. However, when he died, Stingy Jack found that Heaven didn’t want his soul after all of

the devilish dealings he did. So, in the end, he was sentenced to spend the rest of eternity walking the Earth as a ghost. The Devil gifted him a lump of coal, however, as a friend, which he carried in a carved-out turnip to light his wanderings. The locals then began carving frightening faces in their own gourds to scare off the evil spirits like Stingy Jack. The Irish immigrants, when

they immigrated to America, quickly realized that pumpkins were bigger and better gourds to use than the turnips that they had back in Ireland. They brought the now-iconic tradition of Jack-O-Lanterns with pumpkins to America that everyone now participates in on Halloween.



Trick-or-treating, another common tradition, has been around in the United States and other countries for an estimated 100-years that have consisted of kids asking for candy. But, as you can probably guess, that is not how it started.

In later centuries—where the first thought to be antecedent of trick-or-treating was—people dressed up as malevolent creatures and performed in exchange for food and drink. This custom is known as Mumming and dates back to the Middle Ages. This tradition then evolved into children dressing up in costume and calling their neighbor to see if the adults could guess the

identity of who it was. It later advanced to if the adults weren’t able to guess who was in costume correctly, then the child was rewarded with food or another treat. This later adapted to children going door to door getting handouts.



Candy. One of the most popular traditions associated with Halloween. When you think of candy you usually would link it with the October holiday because of the huge influence it has on Halloween. In fact, one-quarter of the candy sold annually in the U.S is purchased for this holiday. But, up until the

middle of the twentieth century, the treats that kids were given each year were not necessarily candy. They ranged from toys, coins, fruit, and nuts. It wasn’t until the 1950s when trick-or-treating began to rise in popularity that

candy companies got inspired to make a marketing push with small, individually wrapped confections. People obliged simply out of convenience, but it didn’t dominate the other treats until parents started fearing anything unwrapped in the 1970s.


The Colors Black and Orange:

Black and orange. The two most iconic colors for Halloween that is everywhere you look when the holiday is just around the corner. But do you know why they’re the two colors you think of whenever Halloween is mentioned? Most likely not.

The classic Halloween colors origins’ trace back all the way to the Celtic festival, Samhain, yet again. The color black represented the “death” of summer as it seemed that everything “died.” What also represented the color black, was during the large bonfires they held, the Celts wore black clothing

to signify the mourning of a deceased and honor their late relatives.  But while black represented death and mourning, orange was emblematic of the

autumn harvest season and tone derived from the leaves, and later on pumpkins. The color orange also signifies strength, which might have been related to the war that the Celtics were having with Julius Ceaser. They may have thought that wearing the color orange would give them strength when on the battlefield. Little is known about this idea.


So many traditions that come with Halloween, and most of them

originating from the Celtics and their traditions with their Samhain festival. The Halloween traditions have also evolved so much—some of them as much as 2,000 years—to what we have today, which doesn’t seem all that bad with all the candy and the fun costumes. But who knows, maybe in another hundred years, we’ll go back to have fruits, nuts, and coins as our treat for trick-or-treating on Halloween.   

For 16-years, Dawni Angel has impacted and changed lives with her great advice with life and relationship coaching, helping people decide what’s the best choice for them and their situation, being an influence for many. But, her work didn’t start with the whole life coaching gig; it began way before.


All throughout her life, Angel has had a strong passion for helping people with their problems; always having had people go to her for advice on everything from self-esteem to just how their day was, making her a reliable person to talk to.


“I love that her advice is real-life answers and are workable specifically for you. She has very practical advice,” said Annie Palmer, a close friend and client. “I really appreciate her because she teaches from life-experience, which many people value.”


Alongside her passion for assisting others, she also loves speaking. As a child, she would speak any chance she got: in school, social situations, and even in church. In fact, that is what got Angel started on her career path. It was a woman from her ward in church all those years ago that had heard

her speaking and thought she was really talented. She thought Angel was so good that she invited her to come help with the Junior Miss Pageant since the woman from her ward was part of it. She had told Angel that she would be perfect to talk to the girls about self-esteem and confidence. Angel loved and still does love talking about those things and all the other issues that come with it, so she eagerly agreed to help out.


After helping with the pageant, things just went smoothly from there. “It was a very natural and organic transition into coaching,” she said. But a lot has changed since Angel first began her business.


To even start her career, she needed to do trainings. So, even though she didn’t go to a normal college, which she says she had never regretted, Angel still went through a lot of heavy training: four-years to be a life coach and two to be a relationship coach; six years total in training. She did consider majoring in psychology though but didn’t like that there were so many rules that would tie her down. She wanted to be free to be able to talk about whatever she wanted. So she continued to work on what she really wanted in life.


Almost ten-years into her life coaching career, she was on the fence about whether or not to go full-time since she had been doing it only part-time with photography being her other job.

“I wasn’t sure I wanted to put my whole life into this whole life coaching and self-improvement stuff,” Angel said.


That all changed after an event in 2011 with a woman named Lisa Nichols. Lisa Nichols, a motivational speaker, was attending this event and speaking when Angel was there. When Nichols told her story, that’s when everything changed for Angel.


What Nichols said that had a life-changing impact on Angel was: “What we should do in the world should be the thing that we can do better than anybody we know. Not everybody in the whole world, just anyone we know.” Angel then decided that she was the best at talking with people and helping them through their problems and the whole life coaching thing than anyone

else she knew. This made Angel decide to go full-time with her life coaching career. A decision she hasn’t regretted and is loving more each day as it grows.


“She’s so good at what she does. She uses a variety of ways to teach something and makes it interesting. The advice Angel gives is personalized and fun.” Palmer said in response on how well Angel coaches.


Along with the transition to going fulltime, Angels’ business has also evolved and transitioned a lot.

In the very beginning, it went to just working with groups of people to then doing one-on-ones. She also started doing retreats and workshops surrounding her work with self-improvement and accepting and being true to yourself, most of which she still does today. Now, it’s going back into the more group-type sessions because it’s easier for Angel to do. “With one-on-one, I can only do so many, I don’t get many done.”

She said. “It’s also very exhausting and I care so much but it’s not a lot of money.”


So now she is putting her messages in her ‘Coffee with Dawni’ videos, wanting to replicate herself in them, with people of all ages listening to them and taking her advice to heart.      

Angels’ goal now is for her business and career to grow and become even more successful than it already is, hoping to gain more people listening to the great advice she gives.


Dawni Angel, an experienced and talented life and relationship coach who gives the best, most straightforward advice that causes people to love her and her techniques in helping them through every problem they have.


Ellen Hopkins creates the ‘perfect’ sequel to her other amazing story,

Impulse, with Perfect by setting the story up to follow the events ending her first book in the series.

This American young adult novel written in free verse format tells the story of Cara, Kendra, Andre, and Sean in each of their perspectives as they’re finishing up their senior year. Throughout the book, we get to see what each character is struggling with and how they each are searching for their own version of perfection.

For Cara Sykes, her version of perfection is being the flawless student and daughter who gets the best grades, is a popular cheerleader, and is going to Stanford next fall. But the pressure of her parent’s high expectations are too much to bear, so much, that it sent her twin brother, Conner spiraling to suicide and sent to Aspen Springs to recover and heal. So Cara now gets all of her parents pressure which eventually sets her off to find who she actually is and to stop rejecting the idea of a new kind of love. But her idea of perfection isn’t the same for the rest of the characters.

Kendra Mathieson has been in beauty pageants since she was a baby and modeling for commercials and ads for shampoo to diapers, her mother pushing her to be some unrealistic teenage girl. So now that she’s getting older, she feels like she needs to be even smaller and skinny to be valuable in the eyes of the big modeling companies to achieve her goal of becoming a runway model. So, to get

there, she stops eating in fear of gaining weight instead of losing it, in doing so, going down an eating disorder rabbit hole.

In Andre Kane III eyes, perfection for him is being able to tell his parents that he wants to a dancer and not some lawyer or plastic surgeon like his parents. He needs them to realize that he won’t follow them in their footsteps.

And lastly, perfection for Sean O’Connell is getting a scholarship to Stanford with baseball, to follow his girlfriend, Cara. All he cares about is keeping the most perfect girl for him, whom he loves, anyway he can. He walks a dangerous line, though, by taking steroids to ensure that his dream with Cara comes true.

So the saying “went looking for perfection, got lost,” fits perfectly because they each lose themselves a little bit trying to be perfect. They each search and fight for their own version of what perfection looks like to them, but in doing so, they each sacrifice something to get there. They all take time in realizing that perfection isn’t all that important.

This book definitely is one that you should put on your reading list because of the realness that many people want in books, which is exactly what Ellen Hopkins delivers. She uses the different perspectives of the characters to her advantage with letting you be able to connect and relate to more than one, which leads to you wanting to know what happens to each character after each chapter. This book also is good for young adults to realize that the idea of perfection isn’t something

that you should go chasing after and pursing for your whole life.

Although most readers would be disappointed with the ending and how unfinished it may seem, Ellen Hopkins concluded the series just how it should have been. The ending of Perfect shows that not every story ends up happy and resolved, even though as much as we wished for the characters in this series. It makes you realize that people’s’ problems take time to fix and don’t just get sorted; it takes a while.

Readers should read this book for the different perspectives and ideas of what perfection might look like and how it’s an unrealistic goal. Just like what Ellen Hopkins says in Perfect, “Perfection is a ridiculous goal because there is no such thing. Real beauty is what you are inside,” we should focus on the inside of ourselves.

“I could take the high road but I know that I’m going low. I’m a ban, I’m a bandito.”

These lyrics, from the song Bandito on their newly released album, Trench, were sang at

the concert of the popular band, Twenty-one Pilots for their Bandito tour. . . And it was


This two-man band consists of the drummer, Josh Dun, and the lead singer, Tyler

Joseph, who also plays the piano, ukulele, keyboard, bass, guitar, and drums. They’ve

been together since 2011, first starting to play in Columbus, Ohio, and the band has

blown up majorly since then.

Most would have heard the well-known band when the song Stressed Out from

their 2015 album, Blurryface, quickly became a hit and made its way on the Top 100 list.

This is when they really became big, all ages listening to their catchy music, ranging

from the genres of alternative, indie, rock, rap, and pop rock, their wide variety of music

reeling in fans. When listening to the long list of Twenty-one Pilots songs, you won’t be

disappointed with all the different choices they have for you.

During their concert here in Salt Lake City on November 13 at the Vivint Smart

Home Arena, so many amazing things were happening you definitely wouldn’t have left

feeling let down in any way. During the entire show, they kept the energy level up, leaving

wide smiles all around and people not wanting to go. But, it wasn’t just the music that

gave everyone a sense of excitement and ardor, it also was their personalities that

helped carry the show along, even though the music that was performed was incredible

beyond words.

     A way that Twenty-one Pilots kept the positive atmosphere was between every

few songs, Tyler would converse with either the whole arena and sometimes just a few

people, but either way, his humor and funny sass had more than a few people laughing.

Tyler also made sure that everyone was involved, talking to the people “up by the

ceiling” and asking if we were doing alright. We were.

     Tyler and Josh both moved around a lot, though it was mostly Tyler who was

running about the stage, on the sky bridge, and even in the crowd singing to his heart’s

content, but I’m sure we forgive Josh since he’s such an awesome drummer and we

understand if he had to stay put in order to do so; however, we were enjoying Tylers

activeness, seeing that he was all over the place. They both ended up in the crowd on

more than one occasion, leaving you guessing where they were going next, especially


     Upon walking in, you’d had been exposed to all the different types of ages that

attended the concert. There were little kids who looked like they could be your younger

sibling and older adults that you wouldn’t to be expect there, all who enjoyed the sweet

tunes and charm of Twenty-one Pilots. They played late into the night, not that anyone

was complaining about the late hour; I’m sure most people would have been more than

happy to stay there for a few more hours if they could, listening to Tyler’s impressive

voice, among other instruments, and Josh’s talented drummer skills.

     The music is something else that Twenty-one Pilots perfected at the concert that

should be talked about. Out of the twenty-two songs that they played, the majority did

come from Trench, but there were also some from past albums like Blurryface and

Vessel, and with those, a couple covers that were performed throughout the two-hour

show. From the new album we were able to hear Jumpsuit, Levitate, Nico and the Niners,

Neon Gravestones, Bandito, Pet Cheetah, My Blood, Morph, and Leave the City, all who

were performed wonderfully. The other songs that make up Trench are Chlorine,

Smithereens, The Hype, Cut My Lip, and Legend, each all songs we wish were also played

during their concert, but most would agree that what we got was more than enough and

that these songs aren’t any less than the ones we heard live.

     Twenty-one Pilots is a band that you should check out if you haven’t already done

so. They’ve got all the different varieties of music and most likely the genre that you like,

too. And if they don’t, Tyler and Josh might open up your preferred music type, showing

you all the other awesome types there are, making you fall in love with the band even

more. They definitely aren’t a band that makes repetitive music that sounds like all of

their other hits. Each song is entirely different from the next one, making it so you never

get bored when listening to Twenty-one Pilots.

      If the opportunity to go see them in concert ever comes up, hopefully you’ll do

yourself a favor and buy some tickets to see Josh Dun and Tyler Joseph kill it on stage

with all the talent they have. I’m sure ones who attended the concert are counting down

the days until they can see the spectacular two-man band again on stage.

One thing’s for certain: I would definitely go back to see Twenty-one Pilots

again…and then another few hundred times

     Almost everybody has either heard of or played the popular card game, Uno. It’s the

game where you match either the color or number to the top card of the discard pile and try to be

the first one to get rid of all your cards on hand. And of course don’t forget to say, Uno! when

you have one card left.

     Uno was released in 1971 by Merle Robbins who made the game after an argument with

his son on the rules of the other popular card game, Crazy Eights. So to solve the problem, he

made another entirely new game, which is now known as Uno and instantly became a hit. It’s

grown so large that since then, over 151 million copies have been sold in 80 countries, still

selling now all over. Today people all over the world and of all ages are enjoying the rad card

game that is popular still and will hopefully be for a while. Uno is a game that basically no one

can hate because of all the fun and amusement that you can get while playing.

Now, with all your childhood memories of playing board games and card games—

including Uno— with your friends and family in mind, you should consider joining the Jordan

High School Uno club. This club was established a little over two months ago at the beginning of

the year and was started by Joshua Boss, the club president. There so far are only around ten

people who go to the meetings, but they’re hoping to get more to join in on their awesome

activity. The club meetings are every Friday in Mr.Bells room, I-209, after school so students

can start their weekend off with some great games of Uno with other students.

     So, what happens during the club isn’t too crazy, not at all; all you do is play

Uno…that’s it. And so, if you’re worried about training to become the greatest Uno player ever

or something in this club, you can forget that anxiety right there because this club is all about

chilling and just simply playing Uno. That’s one reason why you should join: to just chill. When

at this club, you’re able to just relax and not have to think about any work or anything else you

might be struggling with. This club is just meant for enjoyment and just having fun. Joshua Boss,

the club president said, “what I want students to get out of it is entertainment.” So, he didn’t and

doesn’t intend for the club to something other than entertainment. He also said that it was created

because its a fun game and its simply just something to do, so there’s no pressure at all in any

way at Uno club.

    Another reason to join the Uno club is that it’s a cool way to put yourself out there and

to be more social and make more friends. This club is a good way to ease yourself into all that

because it’s a pretty low-key place to be and it’s not intense or imitating in any way at all. Uno

club is just a super chill and laid back place, as I’ve said before. So if you’re trying to make new

friends but are too shy or too scared to put yourself out there, come join Uno club, there isn’t

anything aggressive or anything like that about it, it’s all calm. You should definitely join the

Uno club because it’s a good way to make friends.

In summary, joining the Uno club will be a good way to just relax and have fun and it’s

another chance to interact with other students, and you could benefit from it by making a new

friend. An additional reason to join is that Uno itself is a super entertaining and amusing game,

which is reason enough to join the club. That’s why you could never go wrong with a quick and

fun game of Uno.

      So, if you’ve ever had an intense week and don’t want to focus on anything school or

homework-related than you should definitely come over to Mr.Bells room on Friday after school

to get your Uno game on! 

Every year, there are new toys coming out that catch the attention of millions of
kids who are instantly captivated and want to own them. These trendy toys seeming like they’re the coolest gift that a kid could have and show to their friends. You probably
remember being in this situation; wanting to get that new action figure, or lego set, or whatever it was. But do you remember thinking about how expensive it was for your
parents? Probably not. But they most likely do. They had to buy the new ‘it’ toy each year, and so will parents all around; buying the expensive–and useless–toys every Christmas.
In October 2018, the National Retail Federation announced that they expected holiday sales from November and December this year to increase between 4.3 and 4.8
over 2017, being a total of $717.45 billion to $720.89 billion. The NRF article they posted, “NRF forecasts holiday sales will increase between 4.3 and 4.8 percent,” wrote, “Holiday sales in 2017 totaled $687.87 billion, a 5.3 percent increase over the year before and the largest increase since the 5.2 percent year-over-year gain seen in 2010 after the end of the Great Recession.” NRF Chief Economist Jack Kleinhenz said that the high results in holiday retail sales are due to the growth of “job creation, improved wages, tamed inflation and an increase in net worth all provide the capacity and the confidence to spend.”
In another study that was done by Statistica, they found the estimated total
amount of money that people personally spent on past Christmas gifts, and will spend this year, showing the averages from 1999 to 2018. The graph states that in the year 2016, the average amount of money spent during the holidays per person was $752. For 2017, it
said that the normal person spent $862, and in 2018 they predicted that $794 would be
approximate total people would spend. The graph shows the gradual increase of money spent over the years, with it also displaying the large drop in 2008 due to the Great
Recession. It also shows that the boost in jobs, improved wages, and tamed inflation–all stated before–have had a big part in the escalation of holiday sales.
The American Research Group also found in a survey that in the U.S, 56% of
Americans were planning to rack up debt during the Christmas season of 2016, and 16% of those were expecting to take six or more months to pay it all off. In the article, “Here’sWhat the Average American Spends on Holiday Gifts,” by Maurie Backman on the study the ARG did, it wrote, “according to the American Research Group, U.S. shoppers anticipate spending an average of $929 this season. Talk to parents, though, and you might see that number climb even higher. Newly released T. Rowe Price data confirms that parents are spending an average of $422 per child on holiday gifts, with 34% of parents spending $500 or more per child.” A lot of families were seen taking desperate measures to keep up with the high prices of gifts; 25% going into their emergency savings and taking out payday loans to buy the growing amount of presents purchased during the holidays every year. Parents are doing everything they can to buy the large number of
presents asked for during the holidays.
On the Today website, they did a survey on Parenting.com online of 6,000 parents and found that three-quarters of them think their children are a little or a lot spoiled.
Parents said that they feel guilty for not getting the things on their kid’s lists, even though almost 60% of them said that they most definitely think that their kids are more spoiled compared to when they were young. Moms everywhere are saying that if they aren’t able to get what their kids want they then feel horrible because they have the sense that that’s the way to show their love since they’re never present to be with them. So they use gifts to show that they are thinking of them and care about them because they don’t get to spend a lot of time with them.
The article, ”Yes, we spoil our kids: 6,000 moms come clean,” by Today, said, “Moms reported they plan to spend an average of $271 per child this holiday, with one in ten
saying they’ll shell out upwards of $500 on gifts for each child.” Parents said that they think their children’s happiness is dependent on the toys and gifts they get for the
holidays. But yet, they aren’t always grateful for all the presents they are gifted each year.
One mom wrote, “I spent about $1,000 on two kids and wasn’t working at the time. On Christmas morning they opened them as fast as possible. They had at least 20 items apiece and they actually said, ‘Is that all?’ I was hurt and actually cried and cut back the next year (some).” This proves on more than one accounts that even though kids are getting tons and tons of expensive gifts and that parents spend a hefty amount of money on them, they still are wanting more, more, more. Most of the time, kids are asking for toys that they don’t even end up using. They just want the expensive stuff because they look cool and usually just look forward to the excitement of seeing what they got from Santa. Does this mean that kids’ expectations too high during the holidays? Like honestly, how many toys does a kid need to keep them entertained? Apparently more than 20.
Does the crazy stories and statistics make you think about each time you got all of
those toys crazy expensive–and unnecessary–toys, and yet you were still disappointed
because you still wanted more? How you were hyped for Christmas to see the large pile under the tree, expecting a majority of them were yours? Just like how most kids are asking for more and more each year, and how parents are spending more and more each year.
David Elkind, a child development professor at Tufts University says, “parents who ‘spoil,’ often out of the best intentions, really want to give their children everything
without having to work for it. But the world doesn’t work that way.” A lot of kids these
days expect to get what they want without having to do anything on their own to get it.
They depend more and more on their parents to do everything for them. This mindset of getting everything they want is very damaging to a child’s social expectation, and the holidays are big advocates for spoiled kids. Spoiling kids at a young age has many setbacks that affect them and others around them to their adult years.
One of the negative effects that come with spoiled people is that it can take the
meaning of gifts and presents away. Someone who is spoiled wouldn’t be interested or
find any real value if given something that the gift giver thought was special. In the article, “Should we spoil kids at Christmas,” by Psychologies, it says, “a child can end up believing that a constant stream of presents is the most reliable way of showing love or feeling valued. If this happens, they will lose the ability to draw a distinction between affection,
money, and gifts.” This makes the holidays and birthdays so much less enjoyable when
trying to get a gift for someone who is spoiled because you know they won’t find the meaning you were trying to give.
Now, some might be reading this and thinking that finding value in gift-giving isn’t a
big deal and that spoiled kids aren’t problems. Well, there are more problems that spoiled people cause.
Fredric Neuman M.D, the author of “Spoiling a Child” on Psychology Today, said,
“somebody who won’t do what he or she is expected to do is spoiled. That person may
seem disgruntled, complaining, resentful, and self-centered.” As spoiled ‘kids’ grow up, the more demanding, unpleasant, and annoying they get. They get upset if they aren’t given
what they wish for immediately, or get it at all. Spoiled adults are usually unhappy and desire more possessions, even though they clearly don’t need them. It’s because they are
so used to the fact of people doing and getting things for them that they grow up thinking that that’s how it will be for the rest of their life. When in reality, they need to maturate and learn that’s not how our world runs. Fredric Neuman M.D also said, that because of “lacking discipline, that person may fail at work and in social situations.” The social side of spoiled kids is something that everyone around them has to deal with. Being spoiled isn’t something that will help a kid learn how to develop correctly or leave the people around them wanting to be near them. It will only negatively benefit them.
Now, giving a kid presents for Christmas is fine and won’t spoil them, not that I’m
the one to tell you that; but, if they’re always demanding for more presents than something most likely needs to be fixed. And again, I’m not a psychologist or anything.
So ultimately, we as a whole should stop spending so much money on things that half the time don’t even get used by the kids who cry for them. All it’s doing it wasting money that could be used for many useful things like food and clothes and making kids
brats by thinking they can get all the stuff that they want. Americans are spending so
much money on holiday based stuff that could be used for more productive and beneficial things. It would definitely profit us, but if you’re fine with kids screaming in the store, expecting to get the most awesome and coolest present ever, then whatever. To each one their own.
Merry Christmas.
Dorothy Celine Thompson was an influential journalist that did a lot that brought
attention on herself and did things that no one else dared to do. She was the political journalist that everybody listened to, especially throughout the 1930s and 1940s, and it’s because of the
interesting stories she wrote that brought her popularity throughout her career.
Dorothy was born July 9th, 1893 in New York City, NY, and lived there with her two
other siblings until 1908 when her father sent her to live in Chicago with his sisters. In 1914, she graduated from Syracuse University with a degree in politics and economics and used her
education to fight for women’s suffrage in the United States, which became her base of ardent political belief. She worked with the women’s suffrage campaign up in Buffalo, New York, until
1920 when she pursued her journalism career in Europe.
In 1921, Dorothy infiltrated the inner circle of former King Karl I, who intended to reclaim the throne, by pretending to be a Red Cross medical assistant. She was the only one who reported from the inside of this event. She said, “It scooped the world, of course, that story. The only interview with Karl. The other correspondents were—well, you can imagine.” She began to become more and more popular due to her willingness to take great risks. It’s those risks she took to get good stories that bought her a job to become a central European bureau chief and Vienna correspondent for the Philadelphia Public Ledger.
Throughout her journalism career, Dorothy focused on politics around the world, some of her works being her 1938 “Refugees: Anarchy or Organization?” and “Dorothy Thompson’s Political Guide: A Study of American Liberalism and Its Relationship to Modern Totalitarian States.” But one of her most famous works was published in 1932, and she found herself being one of America’s most influential anti-Nazi voices throughout the 1930s and 1940s. Dorothy met with the soon-to-be German leader, Adolf Hitler in 1932 and wrote about her experience with him, which was soon heard about world-wide. During her time with him, she found him pathetic and almost childlike, much different than the powerful man she thought she was meeting. In her article, she wrote how she thought she was going to meet the future dictator of Germany but soon came upon the impression that he wasn’t the strong and authoritative man she had hoped to meet. “He is formless, almost faceless, a man whose countenance is a caricature, a man whose framework seems cartilaginous, without bones,” she wrote. “He is inconsequent and voluble, ill- posed, insecure. He is the very prototype of the Little Man. A lock of lank hair falls over an insignificant and slightly retreating forehead. . . .The nose is large, but badly shaped and without character. His movements are awkward, almost undignified and most un-martial. . . .The eyes alone are notable. Dark gray and hyperthyroid—they have the peculiar shine which often distinguishes geniuses, alcoholics, and hysterics.” Dorothy thought of Hitler as a small boy who wouldn’t be able to run a nation and would surely be extinguished. “The interview was difficult because one cannot carry on a conversation with Adolf Hitler,” she wrote. “He speaks always as though he were addressing a mass meeting.
In personal intercourse, he is shy, almost embarrassed. In every question, he seeks for a theme that will set him off. Then his eyes focus in some far corner of the room; a hysterical note creeps
into his voice, which rises sometimes almost to a scream. He gives the impression of a man in a
trance. He bangs the table.” Later realizing that she made a mistake about the German dictator, she wrote an article about Hitler’s brutality a year after her initial articles publication and continued to write about the Nazi’s, German refugees, and Hitler throughout WWII. She was asked to leave in 1934, being the first American to be expulsed from Germany. She hung and framed her expulsion order and displayed it proudly in her office.
Dorothy became an important and well-known journalist during her years in the field, working with many different newspapers and magazines, and even featuring regularly on NBC radio. She continued to write political papers, from her supporting the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine to her support of nuclear disarmament and portrayed the Cold War as a cultural and
ideological battle rather than as a military struggle. She was very popular in the United States and was named the most influential women in the U.S next to the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt.
She went on writing until her death on January 30, 1961, in Lisbon, Portugal.
Dorothy Thompson was a very important American journalist, whose urgent and
powerful words alerted many people about the political issues she wrote about, Germany’s persecution of Jews being the main one. Her successful career has been very inspiring to many,
especially women back then who rarely got an education. She will remain one of the most popular woman journalists and most influential anti-Nazi voices throughout WWII.
“He killed me, he killed me not, he killed me.”
Min has been killed every two years since she was eight years old. Every even birthday
she’s had, a strange man in all black would come and murder her. The way she dies varies every
time–but it still ends with Min dying and her waking up a few hours later in a clearing in the
woods. She’s always unhurt, alone, and all evidence of the crime has been erased.
Across the valley, Noah struggles with his nightmares of being murdered on his birthday.
Images of death and his killings occupy most of his thoughts, threatening to drive him insane;
but he tries his hardest to hide the signs. So when all he’s known begins to shift into something
entirely different, everything changes.
However, the world itself is in danger of the threat of a huge asteroid that could
wipe out all life on Earth, sending the world into panic and destruction, leaving little thoughts
about personal problems. But on Min’s 16th birthday, she vows to find out what is happening in
her little hometown of Fire Lake, and while doing so, she uncovers a lifetime of lies that
includes, and may go deeper than, the murders. Nemesis by Brendan Reichs is a science fiction
novel that has multiple elements and events that makes it a dark, fast-paced, thriller that gets
better and better as we go on.
Reading each of Noah and Min’s deaths in part one of the book produces confusion and
leaves us wondering how this fits in with everything else going on and how they’re still even
alive. As we progress throughout the story, more secrets are uncovered and people are exposed,
shedding light, or at least some, on what’s happening in their little town. While doing so, we are
able to find out that it’s not just Min and Noah who are potentially involved in everything, but
the whole sophomore class in Fire Lake may be, too. The plot turns in this book come at neck-
break speed, and the character’s actions follow closely behind. Nothing in this novel comes off
as predictable; everything is surprising and confusing. But, that doesn’t make it a bad adventure
to travel. Nemesis, though very intense at times, is a really good choice if you’re looking for a
new dystopian series. It has you on the edge of your seat the whole time and holds the
anticipation well until the very end, and even then you want to read the next book in the series.
Brendan Reichs was able to show us how desperate and frantic Noah was at the
beginning of the book, describing his nightmares and panic attacks that then soon follow after.
He also shows how Noah is trying his hardest to be seen as the ‘normal’, rich, popular guy by
being with the jerk-group in high school. We watch as Noah slowly starts to transition away
from the popular kids, and more into Min’s group, growing a spine and changing his priorities.
Noah’s believable character development helps keep the story progress going.
Min, on the other hand, stays relatively the same throughout the entire book, her
character being determined, sassy, and curious. She continues to be bold and driven during one
of the biggest reveals in the story, questioning everything as everything in her whole world
changes. It would have been a little more authentic if there was some change in Min throughout
the novel, making her convincing character. But, the novel is still a total killer (pun intended).
Nemesis is a book you should add to your reading list, especially if you like apocalyptic
and dystopian type stuff. The two perspectives of Min and Noah help move the story along, as
well as the other characters that they interact with. The absurdity of the plot and potential growth
of it is another way that it intrigues and entertains during the fictional novel.
This is definitely one of my favorite dystopian books, all of the technological things that
are used and that we learn about being one of the main reasons why. Everything about this book
is so different from everything else, making the plotline unpredictable. Nothing in this book is
disappointing to read, so go read it. It’s good, I promise.
Students at Jordan High were getting ready for the much wanted four-day weekend on January 17 when the bomb threat took place. It was during the last period of the day, with class having been in session for less than a half an hour when the school was told to evacuate as if it was a fire drill. Many students, including me, left their backpacks and went to the back of the school by the football and baseball field, waiting for further instructions on what to do. It was quite boring.
As we waited, it began to rain, eventually coming down harder and harder, soaking
people as time went by, the wind making it even colder. After close to twenty minutes of standing on the field in the rain, students and staff began to transfer over to under the football bleachers to get out of the rain. A lot of people, like me, who were in the back didn’t get coverage and still stood out in the rain, which was cold. There was another group of people that was standing over by the baseball field, who seemed to be trying to get cover from over there. But about five minutes later, the baseball field people started to walk to the side of the school, and the group that I was in followed.
Everyone ended up on the wet hill-things in the front of the school freezing cold because
of the wind and rain, waiting for what we were supposed to do next. Everyone around me was complaining and wanted to get warm and not to be in the rain. I wanted to get out of the rain too, I had spent about forty minutes outside until around 2:00 when the buses came to keep us warm.
Everyone then hurried as fast as possible to find a bus and get warm. And that became harder and harder to achieve. With all the buses that were there, it took me and my friends almost twenty minutes to find a vacant bus that we could get on. From there, we only spent a few minutes of letting other people get on the same bus that I was on before we drove up to the Expo Center.
When we got to the Expo Center, the bus driver wasn’t very clear on what to do, so my
friends and I went to the building to call our parents. When we got there though, the teacher’s wouldn’t let us in for some reason that I still don’t know. Maybe it was because there were too many people there, but ten minutes later, I was allowed inside to get warm, well semi-warm because my whole sweatshirt was wet. I waited at the Expo Center until 3:45 when I was picked
up, then went back to the school at about 4:20 when the evacuation order was lifted around 3:55 to get my stuff.
During this event, I was never worried, and I think a lot of others can say the same, I was
just bored and cold and wanted to get out of the rain. I mean, it’s not fun being outside in the rain for close to an hour. I honestly was just bored and wanted to get it over with, and I think everyone can agree with that.
Teachers and staff, however, displayed a heavy sense of unpreparedness during the whole ordeal. When we were getting onto buses, many were just standing around, blocking students from not going into the school, and not directing us and telling us which buses had space. They all seemed very unorganized and didn’t really know what to do in this situation. It’s possible that some were prepared for something like that, but many gave off the impression that they weren’t.
Even at the Expo Center, when teachers were yelling the names of kids’ parents, you couldn’t really tell what they were saying because multiple teachers were yelling multiple peoples names.
Teachers and staff overall just seemed all over the place and not prepared for something like this. But no hate.
People should honestly stop doing this kind of stuff because it’s stupid and lame which leads to us doing stupid things like staying outside in the rain for an hour.”These kinds of
interruptions are becoming incredibly challenging for our schools,” district spokesman Jeff Haney says. “But even when it’s not deemed credible, we still feel the impacts — students don’t come to school, there’s still a sense of unease in the community, and learning in classes slows down significantly.” It really is just a dumb idea to go and threat a school because there are a lot of consequences.
So, if you think you’re cool doing this… Just know that you aren’t and don’t do
something idiotic like this.
Utah is well known for its mountains, snow, and national parks—all are which being generally good things. But what Utah—specifically Salt Lake County—is increasingly
becoming known for, is it’s inversion.
Inversion is when at the surface of the troposphere a layer of cool air that acts like
a blanket settles and then is covered by another layer of warmer air, acting like a cap and preventing the trapped pollution from mixing with the atmosphere. This effect increases when something large acts like the barrier, not letting the polluted air out, and we definitely have that in the Valley with our mountains. On the website, “The Causes and Effects of Air Pollution in
Utah” by Hallee Booth, it says, “the weather inversions created by Utah geography increase the intensity of pollution during cold weather months.” The effect that pollution is causing—and not
just in Utah—is leading to many health and environmental issues that aren’t going away unless
we do something.
Utah is the residential sector to a lot of different energy resources and produces and consumes even more. Here in Salt Lake, all five oil refineries in Utah processes almost
200,000 barrels of crude oil each day, having increased since 2017 for the first time in three years. Which the website, “U.S Energy Information Administration” on Utah’s profile of energy estimates, says “among the 50 states, Utah has the fourth highest number of producing oil and
natural gas leases on federal lands.” We even are the fifth-largest state in the nation to have compressed natural gas refueling stations, says the EIA.
In Utah, we have many fossil fuel burning power plants, the main ones being for coal and natural gases; a lot of our energy coming from these plants and powering our homes, work, and daily activities we do. “Utah has both fossil and renewable energy resources and is a net energy supplier to neighboring states,” the EIA said. So, it wouldn’t be too crazy to hear
someone who relies on these coal factories because our country and state is so dependent on them that they’re all over the place.“In 2017, 70% of Utah’s net electricity generation came from coal, down from 78% five years earlier and 82% in 2007,” said the U.S Energy Information Administration. So, even though we’re improving with our consumption with these types of non- renewable energy, we still need to do a lot more to lower the percents to prevent the negative effects pollution has on our health.
One of the most major problems with air pollution, as said before, is the health of
the people who are breathing it in every day— which in Salt Lake, many people are suffering the consequences of it. In the article, “How Air Pollution is Destroying Our Health,” by the World
Health Organization, it says, “the health effects of air pollution are serious —one-third of deaths from stroke, lung cancer, and heart disease are due to air pollution.” Along with these serious conditions includes asthma, suppressed lung growth in children, accelerating lung decline, type
two diabetes, impacts with mental and physical development in children, and effects in fetal and adolescent brain development. In Utah, if exposed to outdoor or indoor pollution—including vehicle exhaust, industrial emissions, tobacco smoke, and household fumes—our chances of
having more health problems greatly increase because of the large, sickening amount of pollution we have in our air that puts us at risk every time we breathe.
In Utah, more older locals are being killed year-round due to the amount of air pollution that is breathed and circulated into their body, a study by Harvard says. “The safety
standards that the EPA has been setting are not safe enough,” Francesca Dominici, director of the Harvard Data Science Initiative and one of the authors on the Harvard study, said. “We have not
been able to find evidence of a safe level.”
As young adults, some of the conditions that we’ll suffer from because of the inversion and air pollution is asthma, slower development of lung function, and the possibility of
the start of atherosclerosis (the building up of fat and other substances in and on artery walls).
These health problems are very serious and can cause lifelong problems that over time can kill. Brian Moench, president of Utah Physicians for a Healthy Environment, estimated that as many as 2,000 people in Utah who are exposed to air pollution die. This serious issue is causing
different, but severe problems for all ages, so unless we do something about our air pollution and inversion, the chance of us gaining an air pollution-related condition or even dying rises.
As a community, we need to all contribute our efforts into getting rid of pollution
to lower the increasing amount of air pollution in our valley or else we all will face the negative consequences of getting asthma or lung cancer.
One of the most basic, but effective, ways to help decrease pollution is to carpool or take public transport. Many people when hearing this will be put off by this and continue to
use their vehicles and not really care about it. However, motor vehicles are one of the main pollutants because of the large amount of people who do use motor vehicles, and of the high levels of nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter that they release into the air. So, even if people drove smarter and didn’t waste gas, idled their car less, reduced the amount of fuel they spilled
when filling up, or even just drove less and tried to walk to more places, then that would have a positive effect for our Valley.
Some more simple and easy ways to help eradicate air pollution is to start your
own garden, which will “eat” up the junk in the air and give you (hopefully) delicious food. You could also try to make sure you’re turning your lights off when they don’t need to be so you don’t waste energy. Even more simple ways to help are to use both sides of a paper, reuse paper bags, avoid plastic bags, use a broom instead of a leaf blower, use a fan instead of your AC, and recycle. If you use these techniques and put them into your daily life, then there will be a possible effect that will help you in the future.
Air pollution is a problem that we all need to help pitch in to get rid of because if one person always uses rechargeable batteries, then there isn’t going to be much of a difference.
On the other hand, though, if many people buy rechargeable batteries and put forth the effect to decrease our pollution levels then there will be a better effect.
It’s not like you can ignore this, not really anyways. We all need to breathe.
How we cause pollution:
How it negatively affects our health:
Every breath we take: the lifelong impact of air pollution (full report)
Ways to help lower the pollution in the air:
Terilyn Moffett, former graduate and foods manager here at Jordan High School, has
been a lunch lady for over twenty-years in our district and has worked at Jordan for almost five.
And she still loves it.
Moffett first started her career with being a “lunch lady” when her kids were going to school and saw that the scheduling time was convenient and during their school hours. “I was able to send them off to school and then go to work and I was home before they got home, so it just worked out best. I could continue being a mom.” She was able to take care of her nine kids and still be in their lives, which Moffett sees has one of her biggest, most important priorities.
She now has nineteen grandchildren and one that going to be born in April. She loves being a mom and a grandma and loves that the majority of her kids are still here in the Valley.
Being the manager here means that her workday is a little crazy. Moffett wakes up at four in the morning every day and gets to the school around 4:45. She first gets the breakfast going
and then starts on the fresh bread they make every day. After that, she’ll usually go and cashier breakfast while one of her other “ladies”[co-workers] serves it. Once breakfast is done, Moffett
will make the salads and help do the main dish or anything else that needs help with. “I’d rather be on the floor helping my ladies then be in my office.” She loves working and being with her ladies.
Later, when the kitchen is cleaned up and all her paperwork is done, Moffett goes home between 1:30 to 2:00. She says that even though she doesn’t enjoy waking up at four in the
morning, she loves that she is able to get off work early and spend time with her family.
Planning on working here until she retires, Moffett loves her job and everything — well, mostly everything — that comes with it. She said, “I like to associate with my ladies and I just like to be friends with the students, and I love to cook, I just love my job and everything about it, except for the 4 am part. But, that’s my choice because I have to come in to start the bread and start breakfast for the kids.”
Moffett, when asked about the way students treat her friendly persona, said that they treat her nice and that she always tries to be nice to the ones who even aren’t.
“Ever since I’ve been in
the nutrition service program, I’ve wanted to learn the student’s names, and I’ll always say “hi” or ask “how are you?”, or just smile at them because that might be all that they ever get. For the lower income people who might not get as much, I just try to smile at them and say hi to them.”
Moffett has made it her goal to learn the names of as many students as she can, and to try to learn their story and help them.
Which is the total opposite of the well-known lunch lady stereotype — mean, older ladies who make gross, sloppy food.
When asked about her thoughts on the stereotypes of lunch ladies, Moffett laughed and said that she thinks that they have a bad name. “We have fun, we love the students, and I think our food is good; we all eat it for lunch. So, it’s nothing that is like petrified or any kind of meat like that. Our meat is fresh ground beef.” She said that people should look past the mean, scary lunch lady stereotype because they aren’t anything like that. Moffett loves being a lunch lady and finds pride in it. She said, “I’m proud to be a lunch lady. . . I love my job. I don’t care what they call me.”
Moffett has always been, and always will be, concerned about how the students she serves lunch to are and if they need any help. She wants everyone to know that she cares about
them and wants them to enjoy coming to lunch. “I want kids to know that the ones who come down here are comfortable, that they know I’m their friend, and that I love them all and that I think every student has something great about them, and that if I can help them locate that then
that would be great.”
So, you should appreciate and respect, not just Terrilyn Moffett, but all lunch ladies for all the work they do for students. I’m sure they all would love a smile and thanks.
Tenly, — or more known as Ten — a number-obsessed girl, has been locked in an
asylum called Prynne for thirteen months because she hasn’t agreed to sign with Myriad, the
chosen afterlife realm that her parents want her to make a covenant with so that when they
experience Firstdeath, they can keep their status and be even more powerful and rich, and have
an even greater political influence. Ten’s parents will have all that they had in their Firstlife and
more if she signs with Myriad.
While in the asylum, Ten has two Laborers — people who have experienced Firstdeath
and are there to convince select, unsigned humans to make a covenant with their realm of choice
— who are there trying to convince her to sign over to them. One from Myriad, the Shadow
realm (“Might Equals Right!”) and the other from the rival Everlife realm of Light, Troika
(“Light Brings Sight!”). Killian’s goal is to persuade her by signing over to Myriad by using
romantic tactics, while Bows’ is to have her sign to Troika by being an impulsive wisecracker.
Both kingdoms are desperate to have Ten sign over to their Everlife world because they each
believe that she is something very powerful and beneficial to each of them, and they’re willing
and ready to start a war over her.
To Myriad, they think that when she was born, she Fused with one of their Generals who
died exactly the same time that she was born and that now a part of her soul and spirit is one of
the several Generals who were killed.
To Troika, they believe that she’s a Conduit, a Troikan who is able to absorb the essence of sunlight from the Land of the Harvest (the home for humans) and direct the beams to Troika.
The Troikan’s need her especially because out of the eight Conduits that are needed to continue
to light Troika, only one is in existence.
If Ten doesn’t decide which realm that she’ll sign to, then she will be sent to many Ends where the unsigned go and are rumored to die and come back to experience the same pain over and over again.
Ten’s caught in a tug-of-war between the two rival realms that hate each other’s guts but
still has to make a decision of where she will end up. It’s life or death here and depending on
where she’ll end up when she’s dead, wanting to choose which realm she ends up in for herself
could be for better or for worse.
Firstlife is the first book in the interesting fantasy, dystopian Everlife series by Gena Showalter that’s very unique and different compared to other books and series that are in the dystopian genre. The plot is the main reasons that it grabbed my attention because it’s unlike
anything else I had read or heard of before. So, that’s mainly why I enjoyed this series and book so much. I loved reading about all the various roles that played very important parts; like a
Conduit, Messenger and things like Fusing, the Rest, and Second-death. The storyline grabbed my attention pretty quick.
That being said, I’d give this book a 7.5 out of 10 because Ten throughout the book has many different personality changes and makes a lot of stupid decisions that quite honestly annoy me. She is perceived as the fierce, strong protagonist that seems to fade into this self-conscious, damsel-in-distress, which I guess is somewhat okay because everyone is either trying to kill her or make her sign with their realm. Ten is also constantly wondering if Killian actually like-likes
her during the whole book in the middle of a war, which does get a little tiring.
Another concept of Ten’s character is that she continually informs us that she’s miraculously a good fighter even with having no training but still is always asking for help. She kinda seems like one of the
stereotypical special-snowflake-perfect female characters.
However, Firstlife is still an interesting and unique concept that caught my attention enough to read the whole series. The story idea and plot in this book are actually very unique and
intrigued me to further read it. And, Ten’s tenacity is admirable for wanting to decide on her own where she’ll end up when she dies and doesn’t let her parents or Killian or Bow bully her into that decision, even if it’s threatening her life throughout the whole book.
So, if you can get past slightly annoying main characters who sometimes randomly make
stupid decisions then this is your series; especially if you’re into fantasy and crazy fabricated
stories. Firstlife is nothing short of unusual, entertaining, and fascinating.
Mollie Scott was born in Long Island, New York and lived there for eighteen months before moving to Palm Beach Gardens, Florida. She then lived there in Florida for over ten years
until she was eleven before moving to Sandy, Utah where she and her family has been for three years, going on four.
Scott is the youngest out of her three other siblings, who consists of her older sister and brother, and her twin sister who is six minutes older than her (something that she very much despises). Scott, however barely gets to see her older brother and sister because they’re older and
out of the house and have their own lives. So that’s why she sees her little Pembroke Welsh corgi
as a family member because she doesn’t see the majority of them. “I like to sleep and hang out with my dog, HRH Prince Henry Charles Albert David of Wales, Duke of Sussex…or Henry for
Some other hobbies Scott has (other than hanging out with her dog) and activities that she does outside of Jordan includes watching and reading books. “My favorite movies to watch right now are Fast Five, 2 Fast 2 Furious, and Fast and the Furious 6. My favorite book right now is Becoming Michelle Obama. It’s great.”
Scott will talk about a new movie, or an old favorite of
hers, every day and will also go into great detail about them. So, if you’re wondering which movie or book to check out, you should find Scott and ask her, because she would know.
Other, more social, actives that Scott enjoys are hanging out with friends, going to debate meets, and playing softball, which she’s done for a while now. “I have played softball for about 13 seasons, which is roughly four or five years. . . “Right now, I’m playing softball for Jordan
High, and my favorite position is shortstop. I’m pretty good at it if I do say so myself.”
Along with Scotts’ skills in softball and picking out good movies and books, she also is very sarcastic, funny, and opinionated. . . Very opinionated.
On a daily basis, she will make some comment about capitalism and how she hates everything about it. (Yes, that’s right; everything. She’s made that very clear almost every day.)
When asked what else she wanted everyone to know, she said that capitalism is the root to all her problems and then continued to explain why. “The wealth gap is the worst. People with more money don’t have to work as hard and get more opportunities than others. And, those wealthy
people don’t redistribute their wealth and it’s hard to get rich and support yourself.”
If this doesn’t show and highlight her unique character and attitude about things, then you obviously aren’t looking hard enough, because it is there.
But, her slight obsession streak doesn’t just end there.
Most days, Scott will be found reading some article on Meghan Markle and/or the British Royal family, talking it up about how much she loves them all the time because she’s got a lot to say.
“Meghan Markle is a great person, and she deserves everything. I love her, she is an actress turn duchess, and that is amazing. She has a great sense of style and she is just great. I love Meghan Markle, therefore I love the British Royal Family. That’s why I named my dog, HRH Prince Henry Charles Albert David, of Wales, Duke of Sussex. . . After Prince Harry, of course.”
Scott is also very fixed on Patrick Swayze and Will Halstead, a character from the t.v show, Chicago Med. “ I love Patrick Swayze, why? I love him because he is a good person and a great actor. Plus he’s hot. I love Will (my favorite character on my favorite show, Chicago Med) because he is a great doctor and he’s hot.” Her words, not mine.
But even after all of these bizarre fascinations that Scott has, she still said that there isn’t anything really unique about her and that she’s “like any other freshman” her age. Which isn’t the most correct statement considering everything that she into.
When Scott graduates high school, she plans on attending the University of Miami, Miller School of Science, and working in Emergency Medicine over on the East Coast. “I want
to be a doctor and I would love to go back to my roots and live in New York or Florida. I think that would be great.”
Mollie Scott is a very unique person, no matter what she says, and has a lot of strange and weird fixations that are very different and most of the time, funny. But, she has a lot of passion
for the things she does and loves, like her debate meets, and how she’s always striving to be the best and most reliable teammate on her softball team. Scott is a very determined, strong-willed, passionate person that many people look up to because she’s just someone that grabs your attention and you listen to everything she has to say. Whether it be because she forces your
attention on her, or not.
Scott, putting aside her very abnormal habits, is a true friend that you can trust and build a solid relationship on. If you’re okay with her weirdness, that is.
No, just because I have Type One Diabetes does not mean that I can’t have sugar. A very common misconception among most people who think that they know what diabetes is, but
actually really don’t. And yes, if you didn’t know already, there are two different types of diabetes, not just one.
Type One Diabetes, or T1D, is the genetic autoimmune condition that destroys healthy cells within the pancreas (a vital organ in the digestive system), causing the pancreas to be unable to produce enough, or sometimes any, insulin. People can be born with T1D, but many times, however, it develops in early childhood, which is why it was once known as juvenile diabetes. Over the years, doctors have discovered that there are a lot of cases in which people develop T1D past adolescents. In fact, research has shown around 40% of newly diagnosed cases of T1D have occurred for people after the age of 30. Developing T1D can happen at any age.
So no, it’s not the type one diabetics’ fault, there is just currently no way to prevent it even with all the research that is being done on ways to prevent T1D. There are, however, ways to manage it, and one of them is with insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that allows your body to turn the glucose from the carbohydrates and sugar in the food you eat into energy. You can’t survive without insulin. If no insulin is present in the body, then you will die. That’s why, in the past when we didn’t know what diabetes was, many people who did have T1D died because they didn’t have
access to the insulin that they needed, leaving them to die a slow and painful death. Morbid, I know.
Modern insulin for diabetics, both T1 and T2, mostly comes from human insulin and human analog insulin. But, up until the 1980s, diabetics insulin came from animals, usually pigs and sometimes cows. The insulin in the animal pancreas would’ve been purified which reduced the chance of the insulin user having a bad, or deathly reaction to it. Nowadays though, we mostly use human insulin, but animal insulin is still available for prescription.
Other ways that diabetics manage their diabetes is with the very important information that comes from blood testing. It tells you the amount of glucose (sugar) that’s in the bloodstream. In the U.S, we measure our blood sugar by milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl). It helps monitor the effect of diabetes medications, or lack of, on the blood sugar levels. Diabetics will test their blood with a lancet that pricks the skin and draws a little bit of blood. They’ll then put their blood in a testing meter that will tell them what their blood sugar is. Most diabetics choose to prick the tip of their finger, and after a lot of years doing it multiple times a day, they’ll have little holes and scars on them.
The healthy range of blood sugar for a normal person who doesn’t have T1D would be below 100 mg/dl prior to meals, or eight hours after eating (this is called fasting glucose level),
and less than 140 mg/dl around two hours or less after eating. In a perfect world where all diabetics take care of their blood sugar, they would be able to keep their sugars in a similar range using insulin. But, this isn’t always achievable. Most physicians will recommend that diabetics be below 115 mg/dl at a fasting glucose level. However, the range of where a diabetics blood
sugar should be in is going to be different for each person. With T1D, not everything is the same
for everyone because no one’s diabetes is the same. It’s a personalized matter that just fits and
works out for them.
For me, I need to try to keep my blood sugar between 80 to 120 mg/dl, but for kids between the ages of six and twelve, the general range is 90 to 180 mg/dl. But that doesn’t mean their range is going to be exactly that. Another important aspect of T1D is carbohydrates. Carbohydrates, or carbs, are any large group of organic compounds that occur in many foods including breads, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, starches, and anything with sugar. Carbs are very important to diabetes because they are what us diabetics count and calculate in our food in order to know much insulin we need to take. The process of figuring out all of the carbs in everything we eat is called carb counting. If we don’t count our carbs then we won’t know how much insulin to give ourselves.
The most common way that diabetics get insulin is through insulin shots and they’re exactly what they sound like—shots of insulin that are injected in either the upper arm, abdomen, buttock, hip, and the side or front of thighs. Getting these shots can either be in the form of syringe or pen. The pens are basically just “pens” that are filled with cartridges of insulin that you put pen needles on so you can deliver the insulin just under the skin. It’s really quite simple. And just like there are differences with blood sugar ranges, there’s a difference with insulin ratios as well because everything for a person who is diagnosed with T1D, and even T2D, varies a lot from person to person, as said before. Everything just depends on the person themselves because there are quite a bit of differences that would play a big role in how much insulin a diabetic should be getting. One case would be whether they are male or female because the different hormones in the two very contrasting bodies will have a different reaction to the insulin. An amount of insulin might not work for one but operate how it should in another.
Another example would be how old the diabetic is since people who are younger, generally, need less insulin than that of someone who has or is going through puberty. So, therefore, it wouldn’t make sense if I were to get the same amount of insulin for an apple as a two-year-old would.
We’re given different ratios for our insulin intake because it helps control our diabetes better and to make sure that nothing drastic happens. Sometimes, though, something will go wrong with our diabetes management—like we don’t take insulin for something we ate, or we gave ourselves too much insulin—and we can have our blood sugar go either high or low. So don’t think us diabetics are perfect. We wish.
Hypoglycemia, or more formally known as low blood sugar, is when a person’s blood sugar is low and they’re in need of sugar or carbohydrates to raise it. Diabetics who are having a hypoglycemic episode may experience some or all of these symptoms: an irregular heart rhythm, fatigue, very pale skin, shakiness, anxiety, excessive sweating, aggressive hunger, irritability, tingling sensation around the mouth, and dizziness.
As the blood sugar drops more and the situation gets worse, the symptoms also begin to
worsen. Diabetics may experience confusion, abnormal behavior, inability to complete routine
tasks, and visual disturbances like blurred vision. Fruit juice is recommended for someone who
has low blood sugar since juice is a fast-acting carbohydrate and will get to the bloodstream and
raise the blood sugar, quicker.
If left untreated, hypoglycemia can lead to unconsciousness, seizures, and even death in
very extreme cases. If a diabetic is unconscious from low blood sugar, then call 911 and/or give
them their glucagon, a medicine that’s used to treat severe low blood sugar. When the glucagon
is injected, it works by releasing the glucose in the glucagon injection into your bloodstream
to bring the blood sugar back up to an appropriate level, causing your sugar levels to be raised
much quicker.
On the flip side of hypoglycemia, there’s
glycemia. I know, confusing.
Hyperglycemia, high blood sugar, is when the blood glucose level is too high because the
body isn’t properly using or getting insulin, or doesn’t even make insulin. Symptoms of high
blood sugar include: increased thirst, frequent urination (the body’s way of trying to flush out the
extra, excessive amount of sugar in the bloodstream), fatigue, nausea and vomiting, shortness of
breath, stomach pain, fruity or sugary breath odor, a very dry mouth, and/or a rapid heartbeat. If
a diabetic is in the constant state of being high over the course of a long time this may lead to a
diabetic coma or even death.
To bring down the high blood sugar, diabetics must take a corrective dose of insulin to
bring the glucose down to the appropriate level that it needs to be in. And just like the
differences with how much insulin the diabetics will need to take for an apple or whatever
they’re eating, it’s the same thing. Each person will have to take a different amount of insulin to
counteract the high level of sugar. Once it’s corrected, however, it will take up to an hour or
several hours depending on how high the blood sugar was. It’s recommended that diabetics test
their blood every one to two hours after the corrective dose to make sure that their glucose levels
are going down.
Another, more serious, symptom of high blood sugar is ketones. Ketones are produced by
your liver and are used by your body to turn stored fat into energy. However, if too many ketones
build up in a diabetic’s system, the person can go into ketoacidosis, which can lead to
dehydration, coma, and death.
Diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA, can be very, very lethal. Ketones are toxic and can be
extremely dangerous—
—when too many build up in someone’s system. DKA happens
when there isn’t enough insulin to convert glucose into energy so the body begins to breakdown
fat in the effort to fuel itself. When this happens, ketones are released into the body.
DKA is generally how someone finds out that they have diabetes, even if the affected
person might not know what DKA is. Someone who hasn’t been diagnosed yet but is going
through diabetic ketoacidosis may experience some or all of the following symptoms over the
course of up to several months: sudden/rapid weight loss, extreme thirst, fatigue, frequent
urination, mood change, blurred vision, and/or loss of appetite.
That was a lot of information and when I was diagnosed in the fourth grade, I had no idea
what diabetes was; I hadn’t even heard of the word diabetes. So, as you can imagine, I was very,
very confused. Probably like how you are now.
For the two months that it was really bad and you could obviously tell something was
happening to me, I showed symptoms of having high blood sugar. I could barely walk because I
was so dizzy and so fatigued that I would fall asleep in class all the time and whenever I sat
down at home. I was constantly going to the bathroom since I was drinking water basically every
second of every day. Eating food was very rare for me because my body didn’t want the extra
carbohydrates and sugar in my bloodstream to raise my blood sugar even higher, resulting in me
losing close to fifteen pounds from my scarce eating habits in the span of those two months (and
no, I
do not
recommend it). And even when I would eat, my body simply didn’t have access to
the food. The extra sugar would just sit in my bloodstream because there was no insulin to
convert it to energy.
I was described by so many people looking like a skeleton. I literally had no fat on my
body and I was so pale, had very dark circles under my eyes, my cheeks were sunken in—all that
you would use to describe either a zombie or a skeleton.
So yes, people certainly must have thought I was the walking dead because I definitely
looked the part.
On the tenth of February, 2014, around four in the afternoon, my concerned mom (bless
her soul) took me to the hospital to see what was wrong with me. I personally remember close to
nothing from that visit, other than getting my blood drawn, because when you’re high (blood-
sugar-wise, yes) everything is very…slow. It was kinda like looking through a very blurry lense
in my brain, preventing me from really remembering what was done in that visit. My mom,
however, told me later on that the doctor at my appointment had asked her if I had an eating
disorder. That’s how bad it was.
It was around nine-thirty that night that my mom was called by the doctor and was told
that I had diabetes and I would most likely be in a coma the next morning if we didn’t get to the
hospital as soon as possible.
Dramatic, I know.
And so then I went on the fun adventure of being very, very confused (my mom didn’t
exactly tell me why I was there) in the ER for more than three hours, just sitting there with an IV
giving me fluids and insulin to help lower my crazy high blood that was up in the 600’s, which is
for someone’s body, especially leaving it that high for a couple of months.
I was moved up to my hospital room around three hours later, where I got my blood
tested every hour to make sure that it was dropping, and had my blood drawn every two hours.
I then learned my way through this very confusing autoimmune disease for the next
couple of days in the hospital as my body returned to the healthy blood glucose level. It was hard
at first since I hadn’t even heard of the word diabetes up until then, but I figured it all out if any
of you were concerned about my well-being. (And no, I don’t have any harsh feelings about
having T1D. It’s a big part of my life and I’ve accepted that. Never really had a problem with it
all, actually.)
You now must be wondering what the difference between Type One Diabetes and Type
Two Diabetes. Well, as stated before, T1D is a genetic autoimmune condition where the
pancreas stops producing enough insulin because the body is attacking itself and killing its own
insulin-producing cells. T1D must be managed with insulin shots and daily blood sugar testing.
Type Two Diabetes can also be genetic but is more commonly the result of unhealthy
lifestyle choices. T2D is when the body isn’t able to properly use the insulin that it is producing.
In some cases, T2D can sometimes be reversed by healthy eating and exercise. In other cases,
T2D can be managed with oral medication or insulin injections and with less often blood testing.
It’s estimated that up to 30.1 million Americans have T2D, while only 40,000 have T1D.
On the website “Medical News Today”, it says, “According to the CDC, 90 to 95 percent of
people with diabetes in the United States have type 2. Just 5 percent of people have type 1.”
The two types of diabetes have their similarities but have many more differences that
make them
very different conditions, not just one same condition.
There are, however, some long-term dangers that both T1D and T2D share that they’ll
have to face if they don’t take care of their diabetes. Most long-term dangers come from high-
blood sugar and when a diabetic is in the constant state of hyperglycemia. Complications include
kidney damage, nerve damage, eyes damage that can cause sight loss and heart disease. These
are some even more reasons why diabetics need to carefully manage their blood sugar.
So yes, Type One Diabetics
have sugar, but, they have to take insulin to do so. Often
times diabetics have to be careful about when they decide to eat sugar and how much they
consume. They have to take many things into account when it comes to their diets, but in
moderation and with careful planning, diabetics can enjoy sugar too. So we can eat anything we
really want to just as long as we calculate it and take the correct amount of insulin for it.
However, it’s important to remember that insulin is a treatment, not a cure. With insulin
and proper management, T1D can live long, fulfilling lives. But they must have insulin.
Now, hopefully, this information has shown you the differences between the two types of
diabetes and you won’t make any more of those stupid
jokes. You now know how
insensitive they can be, especially to those who have T2D, since type two is where most of these
types of jokes stem from.
I expect you to now go educate the people about the
types of diabetes and how there
isn’t just
If you want additional information about Type One Diabetes, visit this website:
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