Every year, people all around the world still celebrate one of the oldest holidays: Halloween. Whether that be with setting Jack-o-Lanterns on porches or treat-or-treating, this holiday comes with many traditions that extend further than just carving pumpkins or getting candy from the houses you visit.
So, where did these traditions come from?
Halloweens’ roots have been found in the ancient, pre-Christian Celtic festival of Samhain, that was celebrated on the night of October 31 every year almost 2,000 years ago with the Celts in the Ireland area. Samhain was a festival that celebrated the belief that the dead returned to Earth each year for a day. The Celts would all gather and light bonfires, offer sacrifices and pay homage to the dead to celebrate. They would hold a great fire to
encourage the sun not to disappear, dance in animal costumes, and use the sacrifices to keep the evil spirits away; although, they would keep their doors open, inviting the kind spirits in. The veil between the “real” world and the spirit world for the Celts was considered to be very thin on Samhain.
So, how did the now-popular and well-known Halloween traditions
originate from an ancient Celtic festival?
One of the most important traditions that happens during Halloween is the costumes that are worn by just about everybody who celebrates this holiday, the elaborate outfits differing from ghosts and vampires to famous actors and fictional t.v characters.
But how did this classic tradition descend from the Celtic Samhain
The Celts, in order to avoid being terrorized by evil spirits, had to get creative. So to “fake out” the ghosts wandering the Earth, the Celts would don disguises to appear as if they, too were spirits roaming around so the spirits wouldn’t bother them. They also would set up banquet tables with edible offerings that were left out to placate the unwelcome spirits.
Now fast forward to the early twentieth century, where dressing up on Halloween is a newer tradition that’s developed from the Celts Samhain festival to something more modern.
It began when the advent of Hollywood horror movies like the original 1931 Dracula and Frankenstein became more and more popular around the United States. Enterprising business companies then saw the marketing opportunity and the new demand for scary things so they made a push for
costumes in stores. During the 1930’s is when store-bought costumes became available for the Halloween holiday. That’s when the popularity of costumes rose and spread across the world.
Jack-O-lanterns, another famous tradition that everyone does for
Halloween by carving pumpkins into whatever they’d like. This tradition we do every year also comes from the Ireland area with an Irish folktale about a man named Stingy Jack. The legend about him goes that he repeatedly trapped the Devil for the condition that he would never go to Hell. However, when he died, Stingy Jack found that Heaven didn’t want his soul after all of
the devilish dealings he did. So, in the end, he was sentenced to spend the rest of eternity walking the Earth as a ghost. The Devil gifted him a lump of coal, however, as a friend, which he carried in a carved-out turnip to light his wanderings. The locals then began carving frightening faces in their own gourds to scare off the evil spirits like Stingy Jack. The Irish immigrants, when
they immigrated to America, quickly realized that pumpkins were bigger and better gourds to use than the turnips that they had back in Ireland. They brought the now-iconic tradition of Jack-O-Lanterns with pumpkins to America that everyone now participates in on Halloween.
Trick-or-treating, another common tradition, has been around in the United States and other countries for an estimated 100-years that have consisted of kids asking for candy. But, as you can probably guess, that is not how it started.
In later centuries—where the first thought to be antecedent of trick-or-treating was—people dressed up as malevolent creatures and performed in exchange for food and drink. This custom is known as Mumming and dates back to the Middle Ages. This tradition then evolved into children dressing up in costume and calling their neighbor to see if the adults could guess the
identity of who it was. It later advanced to if the adults weren’t able to guess who was in costume correctly, then the child was rewarded with food or another treat. This later adapted to children going door to door getting handouts.
Candy. One of the most popular traditions associated with Halloween. When you think of candy you usually would link it with the October holiday because of the huge influence it has on Halloween. In fact, one-quarter of the candy sold annually in the U.S is purchased for this holiday. But, up until the
middle of the twentieth century, the treats that kids were given each year were not necessarily candy. They ranged from toys, coins, fruit, and nuts. It wasn’t until the 1950s when trick-or-treating began to rise in popularity that
candy companies got inspired to make a marketing push with small, individually wrapped confections. People obliged simply out of convenience, but it didn’t dominate the other treats until parents started fearing anything unwrapped in the 1970s.
The Colors Black and Orange:
Black and orange. The two most iconic colors for Halloween that is everywhere you look when the holiday is just around the corner. But do you know why they’re the two colors you think of whenever Halloween is mentioned? Most likely not.
The classic Halloween colors origins’ trace back all the way to the Celtic festival, Samhain, yet again. The color black represented the “death” of summer as it seemed that everything “died.” What also represented the color black, was during the large bonfires they held, the Celts wore black clothing
to signify the mourning of a deceased and honor their late relatives. But while black represented death and mourning, orange was emblematic of the
autumn harvest season and tone derived from the leaves, and later on pumpkins. The color orange also signifies strength, which might have been related to the war that the Celtics were having with Julius Ceaser. They may have thought that wearing the color orange would give them strength when on the battlefield. Little is known about this idea.
So many traditions that come with Halloween, and most of them
originating from the Celtics and their traditions with their Samhain festival. The Halloween traditions have also evolved so much—some of them as much as 2,000 years—to what we have today, which doesn’t seem all that bad with all the candy and the fun costumes. But who knows, maybe in another hundred years, we’ll go back to have fruits, nuts, and coins as our treat for trick-or-treating on Halloween.
For 16-years, Dawni Angel has impacted and changed lives with her great advice with life and relationship coaching, helping people decide what’s the best choice for them and their situation, being an influence for many. But, her work didn’t start with the whole life coaching gig; it began way before.
All throughout her life, Angel has had a strong passion for helping people with their problems; always having had people go to her for advice on everything from self-esteem to just how their day was, making her a reliable person to talk to.
“I love that her advice is real-life answers and are workable specifically for you. She has very practical advice,” said Annie Palmer, a close friend and client. “I really appreciate her because she teaches from life-experience, which many people value.”
Alongside her passion for assisting others, she also loves speaking. As a child, she would speak any chance she got: in school, social situations, and even in church. In fact, that is what got Angel started on her career path. It was a woman from her ward in church all those years ago that had heard
her speaking and thought she was really talented. She thought Angel was so good that she invited her to come help with the Junior Miss Pageant since the woman from her ward was part of it. She had told Angel that she would be perfect to talk to the girls about self-esteem and confidence. Angel loved and still does love talking about those things and all the other issues that come with it, so she eagerly agreed to help out.
After helping with the pageant, things just went smoothly from there. “It was a very natural and organic transition into coaching,” she said. But a lot has changed since Angel first began her business.
To even start her career, she needed to do trainings. So, even though she didn’t go to a normal college, which she says she had never regretted, Angel still went through a lot of heavy training: four-years to be a life coach and two to be a relationship coach; six years total in training. She did consider majoring in psychology though but didn’t like that there were so many rules that would tie her down. She wanted to be free to be able to talk about whatever she wanted. So she continued to work on what she really wanted in life.
Almost ten-years into her life coaching career, she was on the fence about whether or not to go full-time since she had been doing it only part-time with photography being her other job.
“I wasn’t sure I wanted to put my whole life into this whole life coaching and self-improvement stuff,” Angel said.
That all changed after an event in 2011 with a woman named Lisa Nichols. Lisa Nichols, a motivational speaker, was attending this event and speaking when Angel was there. When Nichols told her story, that’s when everything changed for Angel.
What Nichols said that had a life-changing impact on Angel was: “What we should do in the world should be the thing that we can do better than anybody we know. Not everybody in the whole world, just anyone we know.” Angel then decided that she was the best at talking with people and helping them through their problems and the whole life coaching thing than anyone
else she knew. This made Angel decide to go full-time with her life coaching career. A decision she hasn’t regretted and is loving more each day as it grows.
“She’s so good at what she does. She uses a variety of ways to teach something and makes it interesting. The advice Angel gives is personalized and fun.” Palmer said in response on how well Angel coaches.
Along with the transition to going fulltime, Angels’ business has also evolved and transitioned a lot.
In the very beginning, it went to just working with groups of people to then doing one-on-ones. She also started doing retreats and workshops surrounding her work with self-improvement and accepting and being true to yourself, most of which she still does today. Now, it’s going back into the more group-type sessions because it’s easier for Angel to do. “With one-on-one, I can only do so many, I don’t get many done.”
She said. “It’s also very exhausting and I care so much but it’s not a lot of money.”
So now she is putting her messages in her ‘Coffee with Dawni’ videos, wanting to replicate herself in them, with people of all ages listening to them and taking her advice to heart.
Angels’ goal now is for her business and career to grow and become even more successful than it already is, hoping to gain more people listening to the great advice she gives.
Dawni Angel, an experienced and talented life and relationship coach who gives the best, most straightforward advice that causes people to love her and her techniques in helping them through every problem they have.
Ellen Hopkins creates the ‘perfect’ sequel to her other amazing story,
Impulse, with Perfect by setting the story up to follow the events ending her first book in the series.
This American young adult novel written in free verse format tells the story of Cara, Kendra, Andre, and Sean in each of their perspectives as they’re finishing up their senior year. Throughout the book, we get to see what each character is struggling with and how they each are searching for their own version of perfection.
For Cara Sykes, her version of perfection is being the flawless student and daughter who gets the best grades, is a popular cheerleader, and is going to Stanford next fall. But the pressure of her parent’s high expectations are too much to bear, so much, that it sent her twin brother, Conner spiraling to suicide and sent to Aspen Springs to recover and heal. So Cara now gets all of her parents pressure which eventually sets her off to find who she actually is and to stop rejecting the idea of a new kind of love. But her idea of perfection isn’t the same for the rest of the characters.
Kendra Mathieson has been in beauty pageants since she was a baby and modeling for commercials and ads for shampoo to diapers, her mother pushing her to be some unrealistic teenage girl. So now that she’s getting older, she feels like she needs to be even smaller and skinny to be valuable in the eyes of the big modeling companies to achieve her goal of becoming a runway model. So, to get
there, she stops eating in fear of gaining weight instead of losing it, in doing so, going down an eating disorder rabbit hole.
In Andre Kane III eyes, perfection for him is being able to tell his parents that he wants to a dancer and not some lawyer or plastic surgeon like his parents. He needs them to realize that he won’t follow them in their footsteps.
And lastly, perfection for Sean O’Connell is getting a scholarship to Stanford with baseball, to follow his girlfriend, Cara. All he cares about is keeping the most perfect girl for him, whom he loves, anyway he can. He walks a dangerous line, though, by taking steroids to ensure that his dream with Cara comes true.
So the saying “went looking for perfection, got lost,” fits perfectly because they each lose themselves a little bit trying to be perfect. They each search and fight for their own version of what perfection looks like to them, but in doing so, they each sacrifice something to get there. They all take time in realizing that perfection isn’t all that important.
This book definitely is one that you should put on your reading list because of the realness that many people want in books, which is exactly what Ellen Hopkins delivers. She uses the different perspectives of the characters to her advantage with letting you be able to connect and relate to more than one, which leads to you wanting to know what happens to each character after each chapter. This book also is good for young adults to realize that the idea of perfection isn’t something
that you should go chasing after and pursing for your whole life.
Although most readers would be disappointed with the ending and how unfinished it may seem, Ellen Hopkins concluded the series just how it should have been. The ending of Perfect shows that not every story ends up happy and resolved, even though as much as we wished for the characters in this series. It makes you realize that people’s’ problems take time to fix and don’t just get sorted; it takes a while.
Readers should read this book for the different perspectives and ideas of what perfection might look like and how it’s an unrealistic goal. Just like what Ellen Hopkins says in Perfect, “Perfection is a ridiculous goal because there is no such thing. Real beauty is what you are inside,” we should focus on the inside of ourselves.
“I could take the high road but I know that I’m going low. I’m a ban, I’m a bandito.”
These lyrics, from the song Bandito on their newly released album, Trench, were sang at
the concert of the popular band, Twenty-one Pilots for their Bandito tour. . . And it was
This two-man band consists of the drummer, Josh Dun, and the lead singer, Tyler
Joseph, who also plays the piano, ukulele, keyboard, bass, guitar, and drums. They’ve
been together since 2011, first starting to play in Columbus, Ohio, and the band has
blown up majorly since then.
Most would have heard the well-known band when the song Stressed Out from
their 2015 album, Blurryface, quickly became a hit and made its way on the Top 100 list.
This is when they really became big, all ages listening to their catchy music, ranging
from the genres of alternative, indie, rock, rap, and pop rock, their wide variety of music
reeling in fans. When listening to the long list of Twenty-one Pilots songs, you won’t be
disappointed with all the different choices they have for you.
During their concert here in Salt Lake City on November 13 at the Vivint Smart
Home Arena, so many amazing things were happening you definitely wouldn’t have left
feeling let down in any way. During the entire show, they kept the energy level up, leaving
wide smiles all around and people not wanting to go. But, it wasn’t just the music that
gave everyone a sense of excitement and ardor, it also was their personalities that
helped carry the show along, even though the music that was performed was incredible
A way that Twenty-one Pilots kept the positive atmosphere was between every
few songs, Tyler would converse with either the whole arena and sometimes just a few
people, but either way, his humor and funny sass had more than a few people laughing.
Tyler also made sure that everyone was involved, talking to the people “up by the
ceiling” and asking if we were doing alright. We were.
Tyler and Josh both moved around a lot, though it was mostly Tyler who was
running about the stage, on the sky bridge, and even in the crowd singing to his heart’s
content, but I’m sure we forgive Josh since he’s such an awesome drummer and we
understand if he had to stay put in order to do so; however, we were enjoying Tylers
activeness, seeing that he was all over the place. They both ended up in the crowd on
more than one occasion, leaving you guessing where they were going next, especially
Upon walking in, you’d had been exposed to all the different types of ages that
attended the concert. There were little kids who looked like they could be your younger
sibling and older adults that you wouldn’t to be expect there, all who enjoyed the sweet
tunes and charm of Twenty-one Pilots. They played late into the night, not that anyone
was complaining about the late hour; I’m sure most people would have been more than
happy to stay there for a few more hours if they could, listening to Tyler’s impressive
voice, among other instruments, and Josh’s talented drummer skills.
The music is something else that Twenty-one Pilots perfected at the concert that
should be talked about. Out of the twenty-two songs that they played, the majority did
come from Trench, but there were also some from past albums like Blurryface and
Vessel, and with those, a couple covers that were performed throughout the two-hour
show. From the new album we were able to hear Jumpsuit, Levitate, Nico and the Niners,
Neon Gravestones, Bandito, Pet Cheetah, My Blood, Morph, and Leave the City, all who
were performed wonderfully. The other songs that make up Trench are Chlorine,
Smithereens, The Hype, Cut My Lip, and Legend, each all songs we wish were also played
during their concert, but most would agree that what we got was more than enough and
that these songs aren’t any less than the ones we heard live.
Twenty-one Pilots is a band that you should check out if you haven’t already done
so. They’ve got all the different varieties of music and most likely the genre that you like,
too. And if they don’t, Tyler and Josh might open up your preferred music type, showing
you all the other awesome types there are, making you fall in love with the band even
more. They definitely aren’t a band that makes repetitive music that sounds like all of
their other hits. Each song is entirely different from the next one, making it so you never
get bored when listening to Twenty-one Pilots.
If the opportunity to go see them in concert ever comes up, hopefully you’ll do
yourself a favor and buy some tickets to see Josh Dun and Tyler Joseph kill it on stage
with all the talent they have. I’m sure ones who attended the concert are counting down
the days until they can see the spectacular two-man band again on stage.
One thing’s for certain: I would definitely go back to see Twenty-one Pilots
again…and then another few hundred times
Almost everybody has either heard of or played the popular card game, Uno. It’s the
game where you match either the color or number to the top card of the discard pile and try to be
the first one to get rid of all your cards on hand. And of course don’t forget to say, Uno! when
you have one card left.
Uno was released in 1971 by Merle Robbins who made the game after an argument with
his son on the rules of the other popular card game, Crazy Eights. So to solve the problem, he
made another entirely new game, which is now known as Uno and instantly became a hit. It’s
grown so large that since then, over 151 million copies have been sold in 80 countries, still
selling now all over. Today people all over the world and of all ages are enjoying the rad card
game that is popular still and will hopefully be for a while. Uno is a game that basically no one
can hate because of all the fun and amusement that you can get while playing.
Now, with all your childhood memories of playing board games and card games—
including Uno— with your friends and family in mind, you should consider joining the Jordan
High School Uno club. This club was established a little over two months ago at the beginning of
the year and was started by Joshua Boss, the club president. There so far are only around ten
people who go to the meetings, but they’re hoping to get more to join in on their awesome
activity. The club meetings are every Friday in Mr.Bells room, I-209, after school so students
can start their weekend off with some great games of Uno with other students.
So, what happens during the club isn’t too crazy, not at all; all you do is play
Uno…that’s it. And so, if you’re worried about training to become the greatest Uno player ever
or something in this club, you can forget that anxiety right there because this club is all about
chilling and just simply playing Uno. That’s one reason why you should join: to just chill. When
at this club, you’re able to just relax and not have to think about any work or anything else you
might be struggling with. This club is just meant for enjoyment and just having fun. Joshua Boss,
the club president said, “what I want students to get out of it is entertainment.” So, he didn’t and
doesn’t intend for the club to something other than entertainment. He also said that it was created
because its a fun game and its simply just something to do, so there’s no pressure at all in any
way at Uno club.
Another reason to join the Uno club is that it’s a cool way to put yourself out there and
to be more social and make more friends. This club is a good way to ease yourself into all that
because it’s a pretty low-key place to be and it’s not intense or imitating in any way at all. Uno
club is just a super chill and laid back place, as I’ve said before. So if you’re trying to make new
friends but are too shy or too scared to put yourself out there, come join Uno club, there isn’t
anything aggressive or anything like that about it, it’s all calm. You should definitely join the
Uno club because it’s a good way to make friends.
In summary, joining the Uno club will be a good way to just relax and have fun and it’s
another chance to interact with other students, and you could benefit from it by making a new
friend. An additional reason to join is that Uno itself is a super entertaining and amusing game,
which is reason enough to join the club. That’s why you could never go wrong with a quick and
fun game of Uno.
So, if you’ve ever had an intense week and don’t want to focus on anything school or
homework-related than you should definitely come over to Mr.Bells room on Friday after school
to get your Uno game on!